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Saturday, October 25, 2014

The Operating System for Life

DNA is the most advanced code every written. It can be looked at by strand, but it can also be built into dimensional structure of code. It is light years past our present understanding, though we learn more every day.

Information does not happen spontaneously. You also need the means to translate, act upon and maintain.  You could have a DVD, but without the code written on it, the drive that reads it and the machine that does the operation, you have nothing.

We need to start with programming. Our programming is what tells our cells how to grow. The genetic programs RNA and DNA contain these instructions. That information needs protection so their genome doesn't degrade in whatever the environment. That would be the lipid membrane.

They also need the machinery to transform chemical energy into metabolic energy so they can replicate. Pre-existing proteins are needed to catalyze the reactions of metabolism and replication of the machinery. The synthesis of proteins depends on  different pre-existing proteins and the ribosome which is like a small factory.

Take away any of these components and life doesn't exist. All this complexity is required at the same time and place for the simplest single-celled life.

It doesn't stop there. The DNA information must be decoded. The ribosome is what does it, but the instructions to build ribosomes are on the DNA. The decoding also requires energy from ATP, built by ATP-synthase motors, built from instructions in the DNA decoded by ribosomes. This interdependence rules out chance.

Functional information has never been observed to arise by physical interaction alone. Matter cannot think and cannot produce information.

Dr. Michael Denton(a microbiologist) wrote: "The complexity of the simplest known type of cell is so great that it is impossible to accept that such an object could have been thrown together suddenly by some kind of freakish, vastly improbable event. Such an occurrence would be indistinguishable from a miracle"

In a recent Journal in Frontiers in Genetics, part of the US Library of Medicine, new findings on dual-gene codes are showing more complexity than previously imagined. What was once thought to be redundant information is now being recognized as secondary coding for another protein. Another cellular language that the ribosome interprets that tells it to pause and regulate the rate of protein production, allowing it to fold the protein into a 3 dimensional shape. So one layer of info tells it what kind and the other gives various shapes for the protein structure, but both sets of info are in the same section of DNA. The authors of the journal entry are not creationists, but state their findings in the context of complex intelligent design.

Mutations do not add information to this complex process. When you look at the human genome, the number of mutations is increasing form each generation. The DNA copying process has its own repair system, but the random single-character misspellings, deletions, insertions, duplication, trans-locations and inversions happen frequently. When matched with a mate that has the same mutation, you may have more serious problems like genetic diseases or birth defects. We can trace family lineage and generation by these mutations. The farther you go back, the less you find. This can be verified in a 2009 article in Nature, Human Mutation Rate Revealed. Elie Dolgin states, “Every time human DNA is passed from one generation to the next it accumulates 100–200 new mutations, according to a DNA-sequencing analysis of the Y chromosome.” 

“Mutations are word-processing errors in the cell’s instruction manual. Mutations systematically destroy genetic information—even as word processing errors destroy written information. While there are some rare beneficial mutations (even as there are rare beneficial misspellings), bad mutations outnumber them—perhaps by a million to one. So even allowing for beneficial mutations, the net effect of mutation is overwhelmingly deleterious. The more the mutations, the less the information. This is fundamental to the mutation process.” –Dr. John Sanford, Geneticist.

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